Forms of Vaccine Support Designs
To stop the effects or spread of a disease through a vaccine a proper vaccine has to be in place for the specific disease that should have particular characteristics relating to the relevant disease. For a vaccine to meet its purpose in the right manner of functionality it should working such a manner that it fights the microbes that cause the disease without affecting or altering other elements of the body functionality. Vaccines that happen to affect various cells or alter their functionality when the immune system is responding to microbe is termed to have negative effects thus it cannot carry its purpose effectively. Additionally there are some factors that should be considered when coming up with an effective vaccine which should be how friendly the medicine is with other forms of treatment and the region the patients are in the world just to mention a few of the considerations.
The main type of support vaccines are five and will be discussed in the article and they are: toxic vaccine, inactive vaccine, attenuate vaccine, subunit vaccine and conjugate vaccine. These type of vaccine is developed in the vaccine where the real microbe in weakened in the lab to such a point that it cannot harm the body cells causing illness where the real behavior of the microbe is studied so as to find a suitable vaccine. By developing a microbe in the lab it is to create a similar environment of that which the virus or bacteria thrives on so as to learn how it actually behaves in the body. The long run aim is to rate the amount of antibodies that the body can possibly release to fight the microbe and how to design a drug that can fight the disease with a few doses. A number of examples diseases are yellow fever, smallpox, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox and rotavirus.
The second form of support vaccine is the toxic vaccine that emanates from harmful chemicals from bacteria those secret toxins. The bacteria toxin becomes the main cause of illness. It has been learnt from scientific findings that inactive toxins can be treated with formalin, a solution of formaldehyde and sterilized water as vaccine. Antibodies are produced after immunization to fight toxic substances and stop productions of the toxic matter. Diphtheria and tetanus are some of the common produced toxic substance by the body.
During the development of conjugate vaccine the scientists link the antigens or toxoids to a microbe and the immune system to distinguish the polysaccharides to the immature immune system such as of young ones to react to polysaccharide coating and protect the cells against bacterium’s. When there are sugar coating on a bacterium that ensures that bacterium antigens protect the immune system of newborn does not react to bacterium antibodies is known as polysaccharides.